In 2020, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, in which there was a strong contraction in economic activity and restrictions on the mobility of people, GHG emissions were reduced by 8.5% compared to 2019, the final energy consumption decreased by 7.2% and air quality improved, with 33.8% of days with “very good” air quality (+2.7 p.p. than in 2019). Energy produced from renewable sources represented 59.6% of the total (+5.4 p.p. compared to 2019).
Not all environmental indicators had a positive evolution, in fact, it was found:
• The worsening ratio performance of “municipal waste per unit of GDP” (108.5 after 99.4 in 2019), resulting from the decrease of 8.4% in GDP, given that the waste volume decreased by 0.06%;
• The divergence from municipal waste management targets set for 2020: the indicator for reuse and recicling had a decrease of 3 p.p., standing on 38% and moving away of the 50% goal; deposition of biodegradable municipal waste in landfills rose 8 p.p., to 53%, diverging from the 35% goal;
• The decline of companies that adopt environmental management and protection activities (16.3%, less 1.8 p.p. compared with 2019).