UNEMPLOYED: All persons aged between 15 and 74 who during the reference period: a) neither had a job nor were at work; b) were available for paid employment or self-employment; c) had actively sought work, i.e. had taken specific steps during the specified period (reference period or the three previous weeks) to seek paid employment or self-employment. The following are considered as specific steps: a) having been in contact with a public employment office or with a private agency to find work; b) applying to employers directly; c) asking among friends, relatives, trade unions, etc., to find work; d) placing, answering or studying job advertisements; e) taking a recruitment test or examination or being interviewed; f) looking for land, premises or equipment; g) applying for permits, licences or financial resources. The job availability criteria are based on the following: a) the willingness to work; b) the desire to have paid employment or self-employment if the necessary resources can be obtained; c) availability to start working in the reference period or at least within two weeks. Includes all persons who, although already having a job, will only start working on a date subsequent to the reference period (the next three months).
DESEMPREGADO DE LONGA DURAÇÃO ( IE ): Indivíduo desempregado à procura de emprego há 12 ou mais meses.
LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYED: Unemployed person, available for work and seeking employment for 12 months or more. For unemployed persons registered at the Job Centres, the period for seeking work (12 months or over) starts being counted at the date of registration at the Job Centres.
REFERENCE PERIOD: The length of time for which data are collected, e.g. a specific day, month or year.